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India National Portal

Participatory Forest Management

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  • The Indian Forest Policy of 1988 (MoEF, 1988) and the subsequent government resolution on participatory forest management (MoEF,1990) emphasize the need for people's participation in natural forest management. 
  • The HP Govt. issued JFM Notification on 12.5.1993 for constitution of Village Forest Development Committees (VFDCs).
  • HP Participatory Forest Management Rules 2001for registration of VFDCs under Societies of Registration Act, 1860.
  • Since 2002-03, the National Afforestation Programme continues to be the flagship scheme of NAEB, in so much as it provides support, both in physical and capacity building terms, to the Forest Development Agencies (FDAs) which in turn are the main organs to move forward institutionalization of Joint Forest Management under participatory mode by involving two-tire set up as FDAs (Divisional level) and JFMC (at village level).
  • Under NAP, FDAs are required to be registered under Societies of Registration Act, 1860 and  Joint Forest Management Committees (JFMC) are required to be registered/constituted as per the provision of the JFM orders in the State and in case there is no JFM orders, the JFMCs will be registered by CFs/DFOs.
  • State Forest Development Agencies (SFDA) were constituted as per MoEF guidelines in 2010 to act as Apex institution of all the FDAs in the state.

Table 1: Committees Constituted in HPFD under Various Projects/Schemes.

S.No

Name of Projects/Schemes

Year

Name of Village Institution

No. of Village Institutions

Registered under

1

HP Forestry Project (HPFP)

1994-2001

Village Forest Development Committees (VFDCs)

154

JFM Notification dated 12.5.1993

2

Indo-German Eco-Development Project

1994-2005

Village Development Committees (VDCs)

294

JFM Notification dated 12.5.1993

3

IWD (Kandi) Project

1993-2005

Village Development Committees (VDCs)

137

Societies of Registration Act 1860

4

Sanjhi Van Yojana (SVY)

1998 Ongoing

Village Forest Development Societies (VFDS)

360

Societies of Registration Act 1860


5

Great Himalayan National Park

1993 Ongoing

Village Eco-Development Committee (VEDCs)

18

Director , GHNP

6

Mid Himalayan Watershed Dev Project

2005 Ongoing

Gram Panchayats

602

---

7

National Afforestation Project (NAP)

2010 Ongoing

Joint Forest Management Committees (JFMC)

1567 JFMCs

Registered by CFs/DFOs as per the provision laid down in Revised Operational Guidelines, 2009 of NAEB.

8

Integrated Watershed Management Swan River Project

2006 Ongoing

Project Development Committees

Not available

Societies of Registration Act 1860

 

In the year 2002-03, National Afforestation and Eco-Development Board (NAEB) of the Ministry of Forests and Environment (MOEF), Govt. of India (GOI) initiated the National Afforestation Programme (NAP) with a broad objective of regeneration and eco-development of degraded forests. At present there are 1567 registered JFMCs in H.P. which are involved in execution of National Afforestation Programme.

 

Till the year 2009-10, FDAs were funded directly by the NAEB. However, in November 2009 revised operational guidelines were issued by the NAEB whereby it was enjoined upon the States to constitute State Forest Development Agency (SFDA) which was required to be registered as a society under Societies Registration Act. The chairperson of the SFDA would be Principal Chief Conservator of Forests and Chief Conservator Forests (PFM) would function as its member secretary.  The funds from NAEB would be directly transferred to SFDA which, in turn, would transfer the funds to FDAs as per the Work Programme which would be approved by the NAEB. During 2010, SFDA H.P. was constituted and got registered under HP Society Registration Act, 2006. From the year 2010-11 onward the NAP is being implemented in the state of Himachal Pradesh through SFDA. At present FDAs have been constituted in 36 territorial forest divisions, WL division Chamba and GHNP.

 

Table 2: Year-wise Fund Allocation and Plantations under the SFDA

Year

Work Progamme approved (Lac Rs.)

Funds released

Expenditure incurred

Physical Targets (Ha)

Physical Targets achieved (ha)

2007-08

[only 11 FDAs]

 --

743.31

644.31

2143

1719

2008-09

[only 9 FDAs]

962.27

672.00

448.17

3633

2263

2009-10

[only for 7 FDAs]

--

359.04

675.37

1249

2263

2010-11

(36 FDAs)

603.63

345.00

575.40

2245

2467.10

2011-12

(36 FDAs)

753.14

348.82

325.41

1601

1337.78

2012-13

(36 FDAs)

1028.05 [Work Programme Approved for Rs. 364.68 lakhs]

172.00

[1st installment]

94.88

2561

743

[upto 11/2012]

189.92

[2nd installment]

2nd installment received during March, 2013. Funds are being utilized.

1159

Yet to be achieved

2013-14

(33 FDAs)

798.94 [Proposed]

To be released and transferred to SFDA Account

--

--

--

 

The Himachal Pradesh, Mid Himalayan Watershed Development Project (MHWDP) was launched in October, 2005 with the financial assistance of the World Bank and is operative in 10 districts of Himachal Pradesh covering 602 Panchayats. This project is an extended form of the erstwhile Integrate Watershed Development Project, Kandi (IWDP, Kandi) except for its implementation arrangements. IWDP model focused on project created Village Development Committees whereas the MHWDP is consistent with the Harayali Guidelines of Watershed Development. The project is being implemented through Gram Panchayats. Project is actively providing support to build up the capacity of the communities by organizing trainings, workshops, meetings and exposure visits. Some of the projects are being implemented through Gram Panchayats.

Externally aided Swan River Integrated Watershed Management Project is operative in Una district of Himachal Pradesh. The project is being implemented through Panchayat Development Committees (PDCs) which are registered under Society Registration Act 2006. At Panchayat level, general house of PDC approves the consolidated ward level plans and Panchayat level plans. The PDC also monitors the implementation of their plans. One adult female and male from all households are the members of general house of PDC. At least 40% of Executive Committee members are women.

JFMCs have also been involved in execution of National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) supported project sanctioned for Himachal Pradesh. NMPB supported project is being implemented in Kullu, Kangra, Chamba and Sirmour districts and 290 JFMCs are involved in the process.